Greenhouse gases — Carbon footprint
We perform audits against additional, bespoke environmental performance criteria. We can either help your organization to develop the performance criteria and the checklist or simply check performance against existing measures covering your operations and your supplier network.
Begin your project to control and reduce your organization’s carbon footprint with our tailored training courses or Engage SR Asia to undertake carbon footprint analysis against the ISO 14067 standard and demonstrate your organization’s commitment to the environment.
Climate change arising from anthropogenic activity has been identified as one of the greatest challenges facing the world and will continue to affect business and citizens over future decades.
Climate change has implications for both human and natural systems and could lead to significant impacts on resource availability, economic activity and human wellbeing. In response, international, regional, national and local initiatives are being developed and implemented by public and private sectors to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations in the Earth’s atmosphere as well as to facilitate adaptation to climate change.
There is a need for an effective and progressive response to the urgent threat of climate change on the basis of the best available scientific knowledge. ISO produces documents that support the transformation of scientific knowledge into tools that will help address climate change.
GHG initiatives on mitigation rely on the quantification, monitoring, reporting and verification of GHG emissions and/or removals.
The ISO 14060 family provides clarity and consistency for quantifying, monitoring, reporting and validating or verifying GHG emissions and removals to support sustainable development through a low-carbon economy. It also benefits organizations, project proponents and stakeholders worldwide by providing clarity and consistency on quantifying, monitoring, reporting, and validating or verifying GHG emissions and removals. Specifically, the use of the ISO 14060 family:
- — enhances the environmental integrity of GHG quantification;
- — enhances the credibility, consistency, and transparency of GHG quantification, monitoring, reporting, validation and verification;
- — facilitates the development and implementation of GHG management strategies and plans;
- — facilitates the development and implementation of mitigation actions through emission reductions or removal enhancements;
- — facilitates the ability to track performance and progress in the reduction of GHG emissions and/or increase in GHG removals.
Applications of the ISO 14060 family include:
- — corporate decisions, such as identifying GHG emission reduction opportunities and increasing profitability by reducing energy consumption;
- — carbon risk management, such as the identification and management of risks and opportunities;
- — voluntary initiatives, such as participation in voluntary GHG registries or sustainability reporting initiatives;
- — GHG markets, such as the buying and selling of GHG allowances or credits;
- — regulatory/government GHG programmes, such as credit for early action, agreements or national and local reporting initiatives.
ISO 14064-1 details principles and requirements for designing, developing, managing and reporting organization-level GHG inventories.
It includes requirements for determining GHG emission and removal boundaries, quantifying an organization’s GHG emissions and removals, and identifying specific company actions or activities aimed at improving GHG management.
It also includes requirements and guidance on inventory quality management, reporting, internal auditing and the organization’s responsibilities in verification activities.
ISO 14064-2 details principles and requirements for determining baselines and for the monitoring, quantifying and reporting of project emissions. It focuses on GHG projects or project-based activities specifically designed to reduce GHG emissions and/or enhance GHG removals. It provides the basis for GHG projects to be validated and verified.
ISO 14064-3 details requirements for verifying GHG statements related to GHG inventories, GHG projects, and carbon footprints of products. It describes the process for validation or verification, including validation or verification planning, assessment procedures, and the evaluation of organizational, project and product GHG statements.
ISO 14065 defines requirements for bodies that validate and verify GHG statements. Its requirements cover impartiality, competence, communication, validation and verification processes, appeals, complaints, and the management system of validation and verification bodies. It can be used as a basis for accreditation and other forms of recognition in relation to the impartiality, competence, and consistency of validation and verification bodies.
ISO 14066 specifies competence requirements for validation teams and verification teams. It includes principles and specifies competence requirements based on the tasks that validation teams or verification teams must be able to perform.
This document defines the principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification of the carbon footprint of products. The aim of this document is to quantify GHG emissions associated with the life cycle stages of a product, beginning with resource extraction and raw material sourcing and extending through the production, use and end-of-life stages of the product.
ISO/TR 14069 assists users in the application of ISO 14064-1, providing guidelines and examples for improving transparency in the quantification of emissions and their reporting. It does not provide additional guidance to ISO 14064-1.
Figure 1 illustrates the relationship among the ISO 14060 family of GHG standards
GHGs can be emitted and removed throughout the life cycle of a product which includes acquisition of raw material, design, production, transportation/delivery, use and the end-of-life treatment. Quantification of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP) will assist in the understanding and action to increase GHG removals and reduce GHG emissions throughout the life cycle of a product. This document details principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification of CFPs, i.e. goods and services, based on GHG emissions and removals over their life cycle. Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial CFP are also provided. Communication related to the CFP or the partial CFP is covered in ISO 14026. The development of product category rules (PCR) is covered in ISO/TS 14027.
This document is based on principles, requirements and guidelines identified in existing International Standards on life cycle assessment (LCA), ISO 14040 and ISO 14044, and aims to set specific requirements for the quantification of a CFP and a partial CFP.
This document is expected to benefit organizations, governments, industry, service providers, communities and other interested parties by providing clarity and consistency in quantifying CFPs. Specifically, using LCA in accordance with this document, with climate change as the single impact category, can offer benefits through:
- — avoiding burden-shifting from one stage of a product life cycle to another or between product life cycles;
- — providing requirements for the quantification of the CFP;
- — facilitating CFP performance tracking in reducing GHG emissions;
- — providing a better understanding of the CFP such that potential opportunities for increases in GHG removals and reductions of GHG emissions might be identified;
- — helping to promote a sustainable low carbon economy;
- — enhancing the credibility, consistency and transparency of the quantification and reporting of the CFP;
- — facilitating the evaluation of alternative product design and sourcing options, production and manufacturing methods, raw material choices, transportation, recycling and other end-of-life processes;
- — facilitating the development and implementation of GHG management strategies and plans across product life cycles, as well as the detection of additional efficiencies in the supply chain;
- — preparing reliable CFP information.
NOTE In respect to the terminology of ISO 14026 regarding footprint communication, climate change is considered as an example of an “area of concern”.
Figure 2 illustrates the connection between this document and standards outside the GHG management family of standards.
Figure 2 — Relationship between this document and standards beyond the GHG management family of standards
CFPs prepared in accordance with this document contribute to the objectives of GHG-related policies and/or regimes.
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