Research Paper

 

Emission DATA

Emission Factor

0.82 kgCO2/kWh   Source: CO2 baseline database for the Indian Power Sector, User Guide, Version 5, November 2009      
  Electricity cost 4 Rs / kWh   Middle slab of electricity cost in many metros. July 2010            
                           
SN Appliance Wattage (W) Estimated daily use (hrs) Estimated annual use (hrs) Annual electricity consumption (kWh) Emission factor (kg CO2/kWh) Annual CO2 emission (kg) Electricity cost (Rs/kWh) Annual cost savings (Rs)        
                           
1 Replace just one 100W incandescent bulb in your home with a 20W CFL. Reduce annual CO2 emissions by a minimum of 84 kgs on every replacement         
  Bulb (ICL) 100 3.5 1277.5 127.75 0.82 104.76 4 511        
  Compact Flouroscent Lamp (CFL) 20 3.5 1277.5 25.55 0.82 20.95 4 102.2        
  Savings       102.2   83.80   408.8        
                           
2 Use a table lamp for studying. Table lamps provide more effective lighting and reduce annual CO2 emissions by 57 kgs on every change        
  ICL room light used when studying 100 2 730 73 0.82 59.86 4 292        
  LED table lamp 5 2 730 3.65 0.82 2.99 4 14.6        
  Savings       69.35   56.87   277.4        
                           
3 Switch from a desktop to a laptop. Reduce CO2 emissions by 205 to 279 kgs annually per person            
  Desktop with CRT screen  200 8 2000 400 0.82 328.00 4 1600        
  Laptop 30 8 2000 60 0.82 49.20 4 240        
  Savings           278.80   1360        
                           
  Desktop with LCD screen  155 8 2000 310 0.82 254.20 4 1240        
  Laptop 30 8 2000 60 0.82 49.20 4 240        
  Savings           205.00   1000        
                           
4 Turn off lights and fans when not in use. Reduce annual CO2 emissions by 28 kgs per household one hour every day.            
  ICL Bulb 60 1 365 21.9 0.82 17.96 4 87.6        
  Fan 65 1 180 11.70 0.82 9.59 4 46.8        
  Savings       33.60   27.55   134.40        
                           
5 Come out to play. Go out for a couple  of hours everyday instead of watching TV/Computer and be healthy. Reduce annual CO2 emissions by 62-93 kgs  per person      
  Desktop with LCD screen  155 2 730 113.15 0.82 92.78 4 452.6        
  32' LCD, BEE 5 star rated TV 103 2 730 75.19 0.82 61.66 4 300.76        
                           
  Buy BEE five star rated appliances. This will help each one of us to reduce our energy consumption, energy bills and carbon footprint.        
6 Use a BEE 5 star rated fans reduce annual CO2 emissions by 36 kgs on every fan        
  Regular fan 65 12 3000 195 0.82 159.90 4 780        
  BEE 3 star rated fan 60 12 3000 180 0.82 147.60 4 720        
  BEE 5 star rated fan 50.3 12 3000 150.90 0.82 123.74 4 603.60        
  Savings       44.10   36.16   176.40        
                           
7 Use a BEE 5 star rated frost free refrigator. Reduce annual CO2 emissions by 269 kgs on every refrigator         
  BEE 2 star rated 235 lts fridge       693 0.82 568.26 4 2772        
  BEE 5 star rated 240 lts fridge       365 0.82 299.30 4 1460        
  Savings       328   268.96   1312        
                           
8 Use a BEE 5 star rated split ACs (1.5). Reduce annual CO2 emissions by 283 kgs on every air conditioner         
  1.5 ton split AC, 2 star 1970 6 1080 2127.6 0.82 1744.63 4 8510.4        
  1.5 ton split AC, 5 star 1650 6 1080 1782 0.82 1461.24 4 7128        
  Savings           283.39   1382.4        
                           
9 Install a solar water heater. Use of renewable energy in your daily life. Reduce annual CO2 emissions by 687 kgs on every installation            
    units/25 lts (Q = Cp*m*dT kJ and 1 kJ = 3600 kWh) units/day   units/year                
  25 ltrs geyser 1.16 4.66   838.00 0.82 687.16 4 3352        
  Solar water heater           0   0        
  Savings           687.16   3352        
                           
10 Use the Geyser efficiently. Bathe in quick succession switch off the gyser. Reduce annual CO2 emissions by 344 kgs per geyser            
  4 people (bathe at different times) 1.16 4.66   838.00 0.82 687.16 4 3352        
  4 people (bathe at quick succession) 1.16 2.33   419.00 0.82 343.58 4 1676        
  Savings           343.58   1676        
                           
11 Reducing the temperature setting on the geyser. Geysers come with a factory setting of 60 C but you need to water at only 40 C for a comfortable bath can reduce annual CO2 emissions by 172 kgs per gayser use             
  temp setting at 60 deg C 1.16 2.33   419.00 0.82 343.58 4 1676        
  temp setting at 40 deg C 0.58 1.16   209.50 0.82 171.79 4 838        
  Savings           171.79   838        
                           
12 Eat together. Heat food at one go to reduce unnecassary use of microwave oven for just 5 mins a day. Reduce annual CO2 emmissions by 30 kgs per household per year            
  Microwave oven (20 l) for 15 mins in a day 1200 0.08 30.42 36.50 0.82 29.93 4 146        
                           
13 Use a cold cycle in the washing machine. Ensure proper temperature controls in washing machines. Reduce annual CO2 emissions by 98 kgs per year per washing machine        
  Wash temp 60 deg C  1400 2 104 145.6 0.82 119.39 4 582.4        
  Wash temp 25 deg C 250 2 104 26 0.82 21.32 4 104        
  Savings           98.072   478.4        
                           
14 Switch off appliances at the plug point. Switch of the TV, Set box,and DVD player at the plug point, not with remote. Reduce annual CO2 emissions by 106 kgs by  per household
  TV, Set top box and DVD player 19.7 18 6570 129.43 0.82 106.1 4 517.7        
                           
                           
  Total 19.7 18 6570 129.43 0.82 106.10 4 517.70        
                           
15 Use mosquito nets - 2 less electrical mosquito repellents and you reduce CO2 emissions by 29kgs a year            
  Electric mosquito repellent 6 16 5840 35.04 0.82 28.73 4 140.16